Although none of the samples dates from the time of earliest settling in Norway,1 each is representative of at least one major national change in numbers or location since about 1800. After that the first significant variation was loss of people by emigration. This was of slight importance until 1865 but from then until 1930 emigràtion was a major element in Norway’s population development.2 In these 65 years 85% of the total emigration of about 900,000 people took place; the years of greatest emigration being 1880 through 1883, 1887, and 1888 and 1902 through 1907, when the annual loss was 20,000 to 29,000 persons. The greater losses were from the rural districts, predominantly males ho were in farming, fishing, and forestry. The main reason for going was lack of opportunity for profitable employment in Norway, especially in comparison with the United States where most of them went. After 1911 the yearly departures averaged about 8000 to 1930, then declined to a few hundred per year until 1948, and since then have increased to about 2000 persons per annum. The effect on the rural districts was to slow their growth considerably until 1930.