What did it mean to be a Christian teacher of pagan literature in 12th-century Europe? Bernard Silvestris addresses this question in the margins of his allegoricalCommentary on the First Six Books of the Aeneid. In the manifest reading of what he calls theintegumentum of theAeneid, Bernard tells the journey of the sould from its imprisonment in the body to its return to God, with its education in thetrivium andquadrivium beginning with thedescensus ad inferos of book 6. At the same time, however, Bernard also introduces a narrative allegory of teaching. The commentary's teacher is shown to labor under both the inability to accede to the authority of the inspired Christian exegete and the unwillingness to forego the concomitant access to prophetic truth.