The regime of observations revealed that the Eh dynamics in soddy-podzolic and alluvial soils in the Middle Cis-Urals region depends not only on the rate of iron (hydr)oxides reduction but also on the rate of opposite reactions in the gleyed horizons. Both processes depend on the temperature. The Eh value decreases on heating in automorphic soils, when the reduction of Fe(III)-(hydr)oxide particles accelerates. On the contrary, in gley soils, the Eh decreases on cooling, probably, because of the reactions opposing the reduction of Fe(III)-(hydr)oxide particles, including Fe(II) fixation on the surface of mineral particles. Fe(III)-(hydr)oxides are, for the most part, preserved in gleyed soils of the Cis-Urals; the content of (Fe2O3)dit reaches 3.3% with iron minerals being usually represented by goethite.
The increase in moistening influences the soil parameters (i.e., the redoxpotential rH and the content of conventional red pigment Hemconv) in an intricate manner. Both direct and reverse branches on the curve of the Hemconv-rH dependence point to the equilibrium and nonequilibrium conditions in the soil. The reverse branch probably stands for the initial phase of gleying in strongly humified soils, where, despite extra electrons in the solution, the brown pigment in the form of Fe(III)-(hydr)oxides is preserved.