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## Inversion of travel times obtained during active seismic refraction experiments CELEBRATION 2000, ALP 2002 and SUDETES 2003

### Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica (2007-01-01) 51: 141-164 , January 01, 2007

A series of kinematic inversions based on robust non-linear optimization approach were performed using travel time data from a series of seismic refraction experiments: CELEBRATION 2000, ALP 2002 and SUDETES 2003. These experiments were performed in Central Europe from 2000 to 2003. Data from 8 profiles (CEL09, CEL10, Alp01, S01, S02, S03, S04 and S05) were processed in this study. The goal of this work was to find seismic velocity models yielding travel times consistent with observed data.

Optimum 2D inhomogeneous isotropic P-wave velocity models were computed. We have developed and used a specialized two-step inverse procedure. In the first “parametric” step, the velocity model contains interfaces whose shapes are defined by a number of parameters. The velocity along each interface is supposed to be constant but may be different along the upper and lower side of the interface. Linear vertical interpolation is used for points in between interfaces. All parameters are searched for using robust non-linear optimization (Differential Evolution algorithm). Rays are continuously traced by the bending technique. In the second “tomographic” step, small-scale velocity perturbations are introduced in a dense grid covering the currently obtained velocity model. Rays are fixed in this step. Final velocity models yield travel time residuals comparable to typical picking errors (RMS ∼ 0.1 s).

As a result, depth-velocity cross-sections of P waves along all processed profiles are obtained. The depth range of the models is 35–50 km, the velocity varies in the range 3.5–8.2 km/s. Lowest velocities are detected in near-surface depth sections crossing sedimentary formations. The middle crust is generally more homogeneous and has typical P wave velocity around 6 km/s. Surprisingly the lower crust is less homogeneous and the computed velocity is in the range 6.5–7.5 km/s. The MOHO is detected in the depth ≈30–45 km.

## Isometric method: Efficient tool for solving non-linear inverse problems

### Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica (2007-10-01) 51: 469-490 , October 01, 2007

A novel algorithm called Isometric Method (IM) for solving smooth real-valued non-linear inverse problems has been developed. Model and data spaces are represented by using m + 1 corresponding vectors at a time (m is the dimension of model space). Relations among vectors in the data space are set up and then transferred into the model space thus generating a new model. If the problem is truly linear, this new model is the exact solution of the inverse problem. If the problem is non-linear, the whole procedure has to be repeated iteratively. The basic underlying idea of IM is to postulate the distance in the model space in such a way that the model and data spaces are isometric, i.e. distances in both spaces have the same measure. As all model-data vector pairs are used many times in successive iterations, the number of the forward problem computations is minimized. There is no necessity to deal with derivatives. The requirement for the computer memory is low. IM is suitable especially for solving smooth medium non-linear problems when forward modelling is time-consuming and minimizing the number of function evaluations is topical. Applications of IM on synthetic and real geophysical problems are also presented.

## PASSEQ 2006–2008: Passive seismic experiment in Trans-European Suture Zone

### Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica (2008-07-01) 52: 439-448 , July 01, 2008

## Earthquakes in the Czech Republic and Surrounding Regions in 1995–1999

### Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica (2001-03-01) 45: 267-282 , March 01, 2001

*In the time span from January 1995 to December 1999 the Czech National Seismological Network (CNSN), consisting of ten permanent digital broadband stations, several local networks and two data centers, detected and recorded 9530 regional natural seismic events, 27 greater than magnitude 2. Most of these events were located by the Czech Seismological Service (CSS), and the most prominent of them were analyzed in detail. A large number of quarry blasts were recorded as well but were not included in the analysis. We provide basic information on the configuration of the CNSN and on the way of routine data processing employed by the CSS in this paper. The over-all regional seismicity monitored by the CNSN in 1995–1999 is briefly reviewed. The main results of observations and evaluation of the local (NW-Bohemia/Vogtland, South Bohemia, Sudeten) and induced (Kladno, Příbram, Upper Silesia, Lubin/Poland) seismic activity within this period are presented in a condensed form. Finally, a summary on macroseismic observations on the territory of the Czech Republic in 1995–1999 is also presented.*