A geochemical soil survey has been carried out near a known mineralized vein in the argentiferous area of Hiendelaencina, Spain. The distribution of Ag, Sb, As, Ba, Pb, Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni and Co was studied and the results treated with univariate and multivariate analysis. The geochemical halo around the known mineralization shows a longitudinal variation giving rise to specific element associations i.e. As-Sb-Ag(-Mn), Fe-Mn-Cu-Ni and Zn-Pb-Ba. About 500 m to the south of the known mineralization a strong geochemical anomaly of As, Sb and Ag is probably produced by a new vein. The whole pattern of anomalies and element associations is in agreement with existing metallogenetic hypotheses.