Purpose – Water quality is deteriorating and its availability is decreasing with time. This chapter presents the implications of climate change for water in agriculture and environment in dry areas. Further adaptation strategies for sustainable use of water resources under changing climatic conditions have been proposed.
Methodology/approach – The focus of this chapter is to analyze the impacts of climate change on water availability and its quality. Thus it will consider the ongoing adaptation efforts and the problems faced in implementing these strategies. In the end certain guidelines and recommendations for addressing climate change in the water sector are also proposed.
Findings – The impacts of climate change on water quality and availability will be elucidated. The factors that govern these impacts will be highlighted, and certain adaptation guidelines will be proposed.
Practical implications – Water is a nonrenewable resource being directly affected by climate change. All the stakeholders including policy makers, water managers, and water users will benefit from this chapter.
Originality/value – Climate change has significant impact on water quality and availability. However, not many studies have been devoted to explore the impacts of climate change and the possible measures to mitigate these impacts on water resources. Thus the management of original and valuable work on the subject is presented.