The long controversy regarding the origin of Vittore Carpaccio, whom some Istrians imagine to be from their country while at the same time Venetians claimed him as a compatriot, seems to have ended in a victory for the latter. This conclusion has been reached chiefly through the careful documentary research of Ludwig and Molmenti who, in one of the first chapters of their monumental tome on this artist, expound the arguments in favour of this theory. In spite of all this, however, there remains a vague doubt. A document, supposed to be of the 17th century but known to me only from a short article in a newspaper (1), would apparently establish without any doubt that Capodistria was his native town. The text speaks of a “strage di Erode” in “our cathedral” (doubtless that of Capodistria where there actually is a picture of this subject by Carpaccio) “di mano del Carpatio depentor Justinopolitano”. The anonymous author of this text further tells us of a picture in this town of the martyrdom of St. Dionysius in the church dedicated to this saint and adds that it was by Carpaccio to whom “Heaven gave birth in this same town”. He had seen this in a document of the Vice-domini of this city of 1516 where Carpaccio figured as witness and where he was described as “depentor da Cape d’Istria”. We find a certain confirmation of this statement in the fact that we have an extant picture of 1516 painted by Carpaccio for Capodistria. However, I have since been informed by Professor Majer, librarian of Capodistria, that we cannot put much faith in these documents.