The possibility of using the sol-gel method for preparation of inorganic ion-exchangers with a silica gel matrix has been demonstrated on the ammonium molybdophosphate-silica gel (AMP-SG) system. For the preparation of the ion-exchanger a sodium silicate solution, containing AMP and components to cause gelling to silica gel after increase of the temperature of the solution, is poured into a hot stirred silicone oil. The solution forms droplets, which are filtered off after their gelling, washed and dried. Beads containing 65 wt.% of AMP per gram of dry material have been prepared by this method and tested in ion-exchange columns for caesium removal from nitric acid solutions. Caesium may easily be desorbed with ammonium chloride or nitrate solutions. The ion-exchanger is suitable for long-time reversible column operation, having not only good chemical, thermal and radiation stabilities but also good mechanical and hydrodynamic properties and resistance to abrasion. It combines the advantage of the good kinetics of ion-exchange obtained with microparticles of precipitated inorganic ion-exchanger, with the low flow resistance of large particles.