The Tibetan Plateau is characterized by its high seismicity produced by the continental collision still working at Himalaya. As seismology had made great contribution to the global tectonics in 1960s, it may also provide some improtant clues to the evolution and tectonics in continents. The present paper summarizes the seismicities, focal mechanisms and neotectionics in Tibetan Plateau. The authors suggest a new classification of the seismic belts or zones in the Plateau.
The belt from Yadong to Anduo is an active seismic belt. The features of neotectonics and focal mechanisms are different on the west of this belt to the east of it. Most of the earthquakes with focal depthh>70 km in the Plateau situate on this belt. Different to Yuma, Arakan, the earthquakes withh>70 km in Yadong-Anduo belt are less and smaller, their focal mechanisms are normal faults. Appearance of earthquakes with h>70 km suggests that the uppermost mantle in this belt is unstable and the material is hard enough to accumulate strong strain energy.
The authors stress the significance of the northwest-southeast striking fault zone of Yanshiping-Changdu. Several large earthquakes occurred in this fault zone are characterized by left-lateral strike slips. It is the southest one of the several left-lateral strike slip zones in the eastern Tibetan Plateau, and may represent the latest produced one of the left-lateral strike slip zones.
South to the Bangong-Nujiang suture, the fault zone of Bengcuo-Jiali is a belt of discontinuous right-lateral strike slips with very strong seismicities. The pair-faults of Yanshiping-Changdu left-lateral strike slips and Bengcuo-Jiali right-lateral strike slips provide an evidence of the eastward flow of materials in the lithosphere of Qiang Tang terrain between the pair-faults.
Altyn Tagh, Kun Lun and Xianshuihe may represent the residuals of the boundaries of ancient flow paths. Since the sutures and also the cooling effects were produced progressively from the north to south, the flow paths will move progressively southward during the geological times.